It is time for making history and taking a giant leap. The Gaganyaan mission can help us do so.
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is one of the largest and most successful space agencies around the globe.
From the successful launch of the Chandrayaan 2; the lunar satellite to RISAT- 2B; a super surveillance satellite, ISRO has given India some of it’s finest achievements.
Gaganyaan Mission Announcement
The Gaganyaan mission was announced by our PM Narendra Modi on Independence Day, 2019.
It will be an indigenous mission.
The Gaganyaan spacecraft is developed by ISRO. The mission is expected to be executed six months before India’s 75th Independence Day in 2022.
The spacecraft will be a crewed orbital vehicle but it will be launched in two different ways.
One was supposed to be launched uncrewed by June 11, 2020. But due to Covid-19, it has now been rescheduled for December 2020.
Although, the date to launch the crewed remains unaffected. The crewed is expected to be launched by the year 2022.
This mission will give a unique micro-gravity platform in space to India.
Technical Attributes Of Spacecraft
The mission is expected to be of seven days and three astronauts (Gaganyatris) will be in the spacecraft.
The crew of three astronauts will conduct experiments on microgravity in space. It will be a part of the Indian Human Spaceflight Programme.
The vehicle will be a 3.7-ton (8,200 lb.) orbital spacecraft that will orbit around the Earth at 400 km (250 mi) altitude for a week.
The spacecraft consists of two parts i.e. Service module and Crew Module together forming the Orbital Module.
The vehicle will be equipped with emergency escape and emergency mission abort.
The vehicle will be launched by ISRO’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle; GSLV MK III. It is a three-staged heavy lift that will launch the Gaganyaan.
The spacecraft will take off from spaceport of Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, and is expected to reach the orbit in 16 minutes.
Humanoid Into The Space
Vyommitra, a half humanoid who speaks two languages and uses her hands to control. She will be sent in the spacecraft to monitor the functions of it.
Vyommitra means a friend in Sky. She will send the warnings if there are any environmental changes.
Also, she will provide information on any temperature change inside the spacecraft.
But before sending her with the crewed spacecraft, she will be sent on the uncrewed space mission.
Preparations For Gaganyaan Mission
ISRO has hired 17 technology startup companies for the mission.
The technologies include food, medicine, life support systems, inflatable habitats, thermal protection technologies, and anti-radiation technologies for the astronauts. These companies are hired at lower costs.
ISRO has said that this mission will employ 15,000 people. Out of which 861 will be from ISRO. This mission is a strong step towards Atmanirbhar Bharat.
IAF has signed MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) with ISRO.
India has sent its Air Force pilots to Russia to get trained for the Gaganyaan mission. The training will go on for two-three years.
The MoU is an official statement that will kickstart the selection and training of the members that will be sent out to space.
ISRO will appoint for some foreign help for advanced training. It has also approached Russia’s Federal Space Agency ROSCOSMOS for this manned mission.
Budget Of Gaganyaan Mission
The mission was initiated during the eleventh five-year plan.
The release of 500 million was approved in 2012. The GOL approved 100 billion rupees in 2018.
The plan of the startups was also released by our Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaram.
The total budget for the mission is estimated to be 124 billion.
Scientific Outreach For Gaganyaan Mission
The Indian Data Relay Satellite (IDRSS) will be used to track Indian satellites in low-earth orbits.
It is a new satellite series that will run between the space stations of Indian.
The mission requires at least 2 satellites to monitor the functioning of Gaganyaan 24/7.
But given the infrastructure of India, it is not possible.
Also to make a continuous tracking system India would require a huge number of ground stations.
So to solve this problem IDRSS will be used in tracking full time for the mission.
The IDRSS satellites will be launched on GSLV launcher. It approximately weighs 2000 kg, and the satellites are expected to be at the orbit of 36,000 km away from the Earth.
ISRO has also signed a contract with France collaborating for all the technologies requirements.
The CNES, France space agency will help in the exchange of expertise in fields of astronaut life support, radiation protection, space debris protection, and personal hygiene systems.
India would not be collaborating with Russia, America, and China for this mission.
Impact On Youth
If the Gaganyaan successfully achieves its goal, then it would be the 1st time for India to launch its manned mission to space.
Also, the 4th country in line to send a human to space after United States, Russia, China.
This mission will enhance the level of science and technology of India. It will also rekindle its importance of science, space, and technology.
It will get the attention of the younger generation to pursue aeronautics as a career.
Quirky Info About The Mission
According to the latest news, Dr. K Sivan the chairman of ISRO said that the organization has identified Four astronauts who would be a part of the mission.
P.G. Diwakar, previous Scientific Secretary at the space agency and now the Director of Earth Observations Application and Disaster Management Programme Office said that “Chandrayaan 2 setback will have no impact on Gaganyaan mission”.
Gaganaan is made to send the astronauts to space and bring them back to Earth safely whereas this was not the case with Chandrayaan -2. Both had very different dimensions.
The year 2022 won’t be just about The Gaganyaan Mission but also about Chandrayaan-3, the third lunar mission.
Besides this ISRO will also launch Aditya L-1, India’s first solar mission. It will be a crucial year for India and ISRO.